Al-Abṣār (الابصار) https://journals.iub.edu.pk/index.php/al-absar <p>Al-Abṣār is a double-blind، peer-reviewed, open-access، tri-lingual (Arabic, English, Urdu) journal published bi-annually by the department of Fiqh and Shariah at the Islamia University of Bahawalpur. it was established in June 2020. The significance of Islamic education has increased to a great extent in the modern-day world. Many religious and spiritual issues have become complex for the common man. Answers to these and many other such issues can only be sought in pure and practical research in Fiqh and Shariah and Islamic education.</p> <p>With these vital goals and sacred objectives, the department of Fiqh and Sharia has launched its research journal named, ‘Al-Abṣār’. Al-Abṣār is meant to facilitate its research scholars in creating a comprehensive and global understanding of Islam and its sciences specially Fiqh and Shariah. Al-Abṣār aims to address the modern-day issues in the light of the true teachings of Islam. Al-Abṣār aims to promote scholarly research on contemporary issues and complexities of the modern-day world in addition to the orthodox approach to research.</p> <h1><sub>Aims and Objectives</sub></h1> <p>Al-Abṣār is an Academic Journal devoted to religious research and scholarship. It is to serve as a forum for scholars to write objectively, analytically, and, wherever necessary, critically on all the fields of religious studies with special reference to Fiqh and Shariah and Islamic economics, in order to find answers to the questions relating to social, political, economic, and moral problems of the fast and drastically changing world of today and to define the religion in terms of its fundamentals in a rational and liberal manner emphasizing, at the same time, the basic religious ideals of universal brotherhood, tolerance, and social justice.</p> <p>One of the basic aims of this Journal is to develop a close linkage between the intellectuals and the common man of society with the help of scholarly research, especially in the field of Fiqh and Shariah.</p> <p> </p> en-US editor.alabsar@iub.edu.pk (Dr. Abdul Ghaffar) editor.alabsar@iub.edu.pk (Dr. Muhammad Junaid Anwer) Sun, 31 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 3.3.0.13 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Index and Editorial https://journals.iub.edu.pk/index.php/al-absar/article/view/2662 <p>&nbsp;.</p> Editor Copyright (c) 2023 Editor https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journals.iub.edu.pk/index.php/al-absar/article/view/2662 Sun, 31 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Prophetic Economic Strategies in Natural Disasters https://journals.iub.edu.pk/index.php/al-absar/article/view/2427 <p>Natural disasters and disorders have historically disrupted economic stability. This study investigates prophetic economic strategies employed during times of natural upheavals. Drawing from Islamic teachings and historical narratives, it analyzes the approaches recommended by the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) to mitigate economic challenges during natural calamities. The research examines the application and relevance of these strategies in contemporary contexts, shedding light on their efficacy in fostering economic resilience amidst natural disorders.</p> Prof. Dr. Muhammad Saad Siddiqui Copyright (c) 2023 Al-Abṣār (الابصار) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journals.iub.edu.pk/index.php/al-absar/article/view/2427 Sun, 31 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Economic stability in Pakistan. Foundations and Implementation in the Context of the Teachings of the Holy Prophet (Peace be Upon Him) https://journals.iub.edu.pk/index.php/al-absar/article/view/2659 <p><em>This research explores the concept of economic stability in Pakistan through the lens of the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). Pakistan, like many developing countries, faces challenges in achieving sustained economic stability. Drawing from the rich teachings of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), which emphasize principles of justice, equity, moderation, and compassion, this study examines how these teachings can offer insights and solutions to address economic instability in Pakistan. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) established a socio-economic system in early Islamic society that promoted fair trade, wealth distribution, and assistance to the less fortunate. By analyzing these teachings in the contemporary context of Pakistan, this research aims to provide practical recommendations for policymakers, economists, and stakeholders to enhance economic stability, reduce poverty, and promote sustainable development in the country. Through a comprehensive review of Islamic economic principles and their applicability in Pakistan's context, this study contributes to the ongoing discourse on achieving economic stability and prosperity in the country while remaining true to the values and teachings of Islam. Keywords: Economic stability, Pakistan, Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), Islamic economics, Sustainable development.</em></p> Prof. Dr. Muhammad Abdullah Copyright (c) 2023 Prof. Dr. Muhammad Abdullah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journals.iub.edu.pk/index.php/al-absar/article/view/2659 Sun, 31 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Prophetic Standards of Acceptance of Government Gifts https://journals.iub.edu.pk/index.php/al-absar/article/view/2657 <p><em>This research delves into the standards established by the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) concerning the acceptance of gifts from governmental entities. It explores the Prophet's guidance, recorded in Hadith literature, regarding ethical considerations, limits, and conditions surrounding the acceptance of offerings from governing authorities. Analyzing these standards within the context of contemporary governance and ethical frameworks, the study examines their applicability and relevance in navigating ethical dilemmas pertaining to government gifts.</em></p> Dr Muhammad Samiullah Copyright (c) 2023 Dr Muhammad Samiullah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journals.iub.edu.pk/index.php/al-absar/article/view/2657 Sun, 31 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Prophetic Teachings and Termination of Economic Exploitation https://journals.iub.edu.pk/index.php/al-absar/article/view/2425 <p>Abstract: The religion of Islam is an eternal religion and has been revealed to guide people until the Day of Judgment. In the religion of Islam, there is a solution for all the problems that will come up to the Day of Resurrection, therefore it seems appropriate that the treatment of the dangerous disease of economic exploitation should be obtained from the teachings of the Prophet. In this regard, it is important to examine the factors that lead to economic exploitation. Due to which a person loses the ability to meet his legitimate needs despite efforts and privileges. The economic hardship caused by this exploitation not only destroys the valuable skills of the nation, but also makes the people of the nation suffer from drugs and other serious crimes. Therefore, it is very important that these infectious diseases are evaluated in the light of Shariah teachings so that correct guidance can be found towards their solution.</p> Dr. Muhammad Irfan Nazir Copyright (c) 2023 Al-Abṣār (الابصار) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journals.iub.edu.pk/index.php/al-absar/article/view/2425 Sun, 31 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 An Analytical Study of the Book " Maʿāsh Nabawī " by Dr. Yasin Mazhar Siddiqui https://journals.iub.edu.pk/index.php/al-absar/article/view/2430 <p>The book “Maash e Nabavi” is a unique research in the description of the Prophet Muhammad's economic life. Before this, this aspect of Prophet's livelihood had not been fully explored. The author has proved that although the Prophet was an orphan in his childhood, he lived a prosperous life due to the legacy of his parents and the love and affection of his relatives. He used to work hard even in their youth and he has a business which was enough for their livelihood, although they were not very prosperous and rich, but they were not in extreme poverty either. Compared to the Makki period, the Madani period has been extremely prosperous, in which his Sources of Income included hosting the Companions, giving gifts and feasts, as well as cattle and booty. According to the author, "The Prophet's economy was based on the Qur'anic path of moderation. The life of the Prophet with the enjoyment of the blessings created by Allah and the prayer of seeking refuge from poverty was actually an economy based on contentment, patience and trust which fulfills the needs of life".<strong>​</strong></p> Dr. Aziz Ahmad Copyright (c) 2023 Al-Abṣār (الابصار) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journals.iub.edu.pk/index.php/al-absar/article/view/2430 Sun, 31 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Dimensions and applications of the Prophet's generosity https://journals.iub.edu.pk/index.php/al-absar/article/view/2517 <p>The moral system of Islam covers every aspect of our life, including the economic system. Immoralities are embedded in the current economic systems in such a way that the distinction between halal and haram has been erased. Humans do not realize their economic rights while living in their society. Islam integrates ethics with faith so that a person pays the rights of others with moral incentives and does not encroach on anyone's rights. Because there are countless desires in human life, but the resources to fulfill them are limited. As a result, people start encroaching on the rights of others to fulfill their own desires, which we can easily see in the present human societies. If a person adopts the Islamic economic and ethical principles and follows the Prophet's life, then he can live a peaceful life by organizing his various desires under a single principle which is called an Islamic Economic Policy.</p> Dr. Muhammad Sadiq Copyright (c) 2023 Dr. Muhammad Sadiq https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journals.iub.edu.pk/index.php/al-absar/article/view/2517 Sun, 31 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Strategies to Economic Stability in Pakistan: A Study in the Light of Seerah https://journals.iub.edu.pk/index.php/al-absar/article/view/2249 <p>After gracing the universe with beautiful creations, Allah extended his benevolence to mankind and sent prophets to refine their characters. Then he announced the completion of the divine message by sealing the chain of prophethood on the holy prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and declaring the life of the holy prophet a role model for humanity. Hence, individuals and communities can seek comprehensive guidance from the life of the Holy Prophet, seeking solutions not only for religious dilemmas but also for economic, social, and ethical challenges across every facet of life. In the pursuit of wisdom, scholars have crafted the realm of "Fiqh al-Sirah," a dedicated knowledge to navigate and resolve a spectrum of issues by drawing upon the noble life of the holy prophet (peace be upon him). Whether it is individual life or collective life, the economy has a great impact on them because it is an essential need for continuity of life. The Prophet Muhammad ﷺ not only illuminated the path for spiritual matters, but he intricately weaved rules and guidance for fostering the development of societies. This article delves into the economic facets illuminated by the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him. These insights served as the bedrock for the ascent of Muslims as a formidable economic force. Throughout the annals of Muslim history, the resilience of Muslim states in the face of economic challenges stands as a testament, with not a single instance where a Muslim state succumbed to economic ruin.</p> Dr Saeed Ahmad Saeedi Copyright (c) 2023 Al-Abṣār (الابصار) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journals.iub.edu.pk/index.php/al-absar/article/view/2249 Sun, 31 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Financial practices during Prophet's Lifetime and Contemporary Economic Sources https://journals.iub.edu.pk/index.php/al-absar/article/view/2630 <p><em>After gracing the universe with beautiful creations, Allah extended his benevolence to mankind and sent prophets to refine their characters. Then he announced the completion of the divine message by sealing the chain of prophet hood on the holy prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) and declaring the life of the holy prophet a role model for humanity. Hence, individuals and communities can seek comprehensive guidance from the life of the Holy Prophet, seeking solutions not only for religious dilemmas but also for economic, social, and ethical challenges across every facet of life. In the pursuit of wisdom, scholars have crafted the realm of "Fiqh ul Sirah," a dedicated knowledge to navigate and resolve a spectrum of issues by drawing upon the noble life of the holy prophet (ﷺ). Whether it is individual life or collective life, the economy has a great impact on them because it is an essential need for continuity of life. The Prophet Muhammad ﷺ not only illuminated the path for spiritual matters, but he intricately weaved rules and guidance for fostering the development of societies. This article delves into the economic facets illuminated by the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him. These insights served as the bedrock for the ascent of Muslims as a formidable economic force. Throughout the annals of Muslim history, the resilience of Muslim states in the face of economic challenges stands as a testament, with not a single instance where a Muslim state succumbed to economic ruin.</em></p> Dr. Atif Aslam Rao Copyright (c) 2023 Dr. Atif Aslam Rao https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journals.iub.edu.pk/index.php/al-absar/article/view/2630 Sun, 31 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 The Economic and Defensive Effects of Wisāl-e-Nabawī (peace be upon him) https://journals.iub.edu.pk/index.php/al-absar/article/view/2490 <p>The foundation of the state of Madinah was laid by him with prudence, bravery and steadfastness. Due to these temptations, the Shiraz of the Muslim Ummah will be scattered. Even the Companions of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) were worried about this accident and could not decide what to do in this situation. Even Hazrat Umar Farooq took out his sword and said that no one should call him dead. Realizing this situation, Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (RA) took charge of the situation and decided to bury him. With the departure of the Prophet, the issue of allegiance to the Caliphate, then the issue of the departure of Jaish-e-Usama, was decided. . And if we talk about the fitna of the Zakat deniers, it was a very powerful fitna because the most powerful tribes of Arabia refused to give Zakat. And when the weaker tribes saw this point of view of the stronger tribes, they also joined them. It was very important to end the temptation of Zakat deniers, because if one of the obligations was exempted, the one who found the obligation difficult would have abandoned it by making it the basis of tomorrow, and the original form of religion would not have been maintained. This temptation became so dangerous that they started preparing to attack Madinah. Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique (RA) ordered Jihad against them, saying that Zakat is as obligatory as prayer. Immediately after the departure of the Holy Prophet, many false claimants of prophethood started to rise. Musailmah Qazab prepared such a large army against Medina that such a large army had not been prepared before in the history of Arabia. As soon as the news of the departure of the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) spread, the northern tribes of Arabia turned away from Islam. A wave of apostasy arose in the southern tribes as well. It is clear from the above-mentioned events that at the time of the Prophet's departure, the economy of the Islamic government and its defense borders had a profound impact.</p> Muhammad Sajid Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammad Sajid https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journals.iub.edu.pk/index.php/al-absar/article/view/2490 Sun, 31 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Economic Stability of Pakistan: Challenges and Solutions (In the Light of Prophetic Teachings) https://journals.iub.edu.pk/index.php/al-absar/article/view/2428 <p>This study investigates the economic challenges confronting Pakistan and explores solutions inspired by Prophetic teachings to enhance economic stability. By examining contemporary economic issues such as inflation, unemployment, fiscal deficits, and external debt, this research contextualizes them within the framework of Islamic principles as exemplified in the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). It aims to identify practical strategies and policies rooted in Prophetic guidance to address these challenges, fostering sustainable economic stability in Pakistan.</p> Rukhsar Tariq Copyright (c) 2023 Al-Abṣār (الابصار) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journals.iub.edu.pk/index.php/al-absar/article/view/2428 Sun, 31 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 The Role of Saffi in Prophet's Generosity https://journals.iub.edu.pk/index.php/al-absar/article/view/2660 <p><em>The Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, gave the message of peace and harmony to this world, but of necessity also declared war. And as a result, the spoils that were obtained proved to be helpful in stabilizing the Muslim economy. The Muslim society had several sources of income, including trade and agriculture, industry and Craftsmanship and labor were special, trade and agriculture were the backbone of the Muslim economy. And through them the Muslims had accumulated a lot of wealth after the migration. Compared to this, the ratio of the total amount of booty will be a little more than one percent and will remain nominal in the form of deducting expenses on campaigns and other financial losses, but these figures do not necessarily mean that the booty is had no part in the Muslim economy or the Muslims had no idea of ​​its economic importance. The actual share and role of this source of income was very important in stabilizing the Muslim economy. One of the methods of collecting the booty was that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to reserve his share for himself before the distribution of the booty. When and on what occasion it was done and what was its economic significance will be discussed in this article.</em></p> Dr. Abdul Fattah Al Samman Copyright (c) 2023 Dr. Abdul Fattah Al Samman https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journals.iub.edu.pk/index.php/al-absar/article/view/2660 Sun, 31 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Economic Stability and Mu’ākhāt-e-Madīnah: A Comprehensive Analysis https://journals.iub.edu.pk/index.php/al-absar/article/view/2581 <p>This study examines the socioeconomic foundations of Muakhat Medina and also its historical significance in the early Muslim communities, and the impact of achievement on contemporary economic stability in an Islamic framework. The study uses a multidisciplinary approach, combining insights from Islamic law, history, and economics to provide linkages to ethical foundation building exists between Muakhat Medina and public economic well-being is clear. Through meticulous analysis, the article aims to identify key principles such as wealth distribution, social justice, and economic cohesion that flow from this historic agreement and its potential impact on achieving economic. Furthermore, the study explores the adaptability of Muakhat Madina principles to modern economic challenges by considering factors such as globalization, technological advancement, and evolving financial systems. Also, the article contributes to discourse trends in Islamic finance and provides insights. In conclusion, this study seeks to bridge the gap between historical Islamic contracts and current economic problems, with a comprehensive analysis of Muakhat Medina's theory.</p> Dr. Muhammad Ayaz Copyright (c) 2022 Dr. Muhammad Ayaz https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journals.iub.edu.pk/index.php/al-absar/article/view/2581 Sun, 31 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Standards of Collective Economic Justice of Prophet Muhammd (PBUH) https://journals.iub.edu.pk/index.php/al-absar/article/view/2526 <p><strong><em>This research article explores the standards of collective economic justice promoted by Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Collective Economic Justice refers to the fair distribution of resources and opportunities within a community, ensuring that all members have access to basic necessities and economic well-being. </em></strong></p> <p><strong><em> The economic principles and guidelines set forth by Prophet Muhammad provide a comprehensive framework for promotion fairness, equity, and social welfare within a community. By investigating into the teachings of Islam, this research article aims to shed light on the Prophet's vision for economic justice and its implications for contemporary society.</em></strong></p> <p><strong><em>The Prophet highlighted the importance of charity, known as "Zakat” &amp; “Sadqa” which involves giving a portion of one's wealth to poor. “Zakat” is obligatory for Muslims. Another key aspect of Collective Economic Justice in the Prophet's teachings is the prohibition of usury, or "riba”. The Prophet encouraged collaboration in economic activities, fostering a sense of unity and shared responsibility.</em></strong></p> <p><strong><em>This cooperative approach aimed to uplift the entire community &amp; reduce economic inequalities. The research also explores the Prophet's stance on ethical business practices, emphasizing honesty, transparency, fairness &amp; prohibition of fraudulent activities. </em></strong></p> <p><strong><em>The principles of Zakat, prohibition of usury, economic cooperation, and ethical business practices serve as guiding beacons for building an economically just and compassionate society. Understanding and implementing these teachings can contribute to the establishment of equitable economic systems that prioritize the welfare of all members within a community.</em></strong></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords: </em></strong><strong><em>Economic justice, Social welfare, Charity, Transparency, Fairness, Zakat, Society.</em></strong></p> Muhammad Tahir Akbar Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammad Tahir Akbar https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journals.iub.edu.pk/index.php/al-absar/article/view/2526 Sun, 31 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Economic Services of Sayyida Khadijah Al-Kubra (RA) and Contemporary Applications https://journals.iub.edu.pk/index.php/al-absar/article/view/2658 <p><em>This research article delves into the economic contributions and entrepreneurial endeavors of Sayyida Khadijah Al-Kubra (RA), the esteemed wife of Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him), and their relevance to contemporary economic practices. Through an interdisciplinary examination encompassing historical analysis, economic theory, and business studies, the paper elucidates the pivotal role played by Sayyida Khadijah in fostering economic growth and prosperity in early Islamic society. It explores her astute business acumen, innovative trade ventures, and philanthropic initiatives, shedding light on the enduring impact of her economic legacy. Furthermore, the article draws parallels between Sayyida Khadijah's business ethos and modern economic principles, highlighting key lessons applicable to contemporary entrepreneurship, women empowerment, and ethical business conduct. By synthesizing historical insights with present-day economic paradigms, the study offers valuable insights into harnessing the timeless wisdom of Sayyida Khadijah to address contemporary economic challenges and promote sustainable development.</em></p> Rabia Iram Copyright (c) 2023 Rabia Iram https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journals.iub.edu.pk/index.php/al-absar/article/view/2658 Sun, 31 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000