International Journal of Natural Medicine and Health Sciences <p>International Journal of Natural Medicine and Health Sciences is a peer-reviewed journal that aims to publish manuscripts related to the current trends in research and practices of&nbsp;<strong>natural medicine</strong>. Our objective is to strengthen the research and educational base of&nbsp;natural medicine in the healthcare system.<br> International Journal of Natural Medicine and Health Sciences does not advocate for anyone's system or method, but rather encourages the examination and proper application of all successful researches in natural medicine and health sciences. Each issue covers a wide range of disciplined inquiry approaches, ranging from case studies to original scientific research in health sciences. The editors advocate for licensed health care practitioners to integrate evidence-based emerging treatments with traditional medical practices in a way that supports a holistic approach to health care that is focused on wellness, prevention, and healing. International Journal of Natural Medicine and Health Sciences aspires to educate all licensed health care practitioners about developments in fields other than their own, as well as to foster ongoing debate about the scientific, clinical, historical, legal, political, and cultural issues that affect all aspects of health care.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> University College of Conventional Method, Faculty of Medicine and Allied Health Sciences, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan en-US International Journal of Natural Medicine and Health Sciences 2790-2463 <p class="p1"><span class="s1">Copyright (c) 2021, <span style="text-decoration: underline;">International Journal of Natural Medicine and Health Sciences</span> licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.</span></p> BASIL (Ocimum sanctum L.) aromatic medicinal plant: a review <p>Ocimum sanctum (Basil; Tulssi) is important traditional herb and used for therapeutic purpose<br />all over the world. It has been used in traditional medicine from 3000 years, because of its<br />miraculous healing properties. In India it is consider as the holiest herb. It is considered as<br />assign of goddness in Hinduism. Each part of this plant is worshipped in India. It is used in<br />numerous ailments such as insomnia, malaria, skin and digestive disorders, diarrhoea and also<br />used in cough, cold and flu. Studies revealed its antifungal, antiviral, analgesic,<br />bronchodilators, anti-asthmatic and anti-oxidant activites. Volatile oil, eugenol, urosolic acid,<br />linalool, carvacrol, limatrol, sesquiterpene, methyl eugenol, estragole and caryophyllene are<br />phytoconstituents present in Ocimum sanctum.</p> Zarnab Anwar Sabira Sultana Aisha Sethi Naheed Akhtar Abdul Wadood Chishti Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Natural Medicine and Health Sciences 2023-09-30 2023-09-30 2 4 1 5 A mini review on food preservatives <p>Food additives are not recently discovered, humans used food additives from ancient times.<br />These food additives enhance the color and taste of food but also, kill harmful pathogens and<br />keep food safe for a long time. Ancient people used salting, smoking, jugging and many more<br />techniques to preserve food but in modern times, lifestyles changed, and people used advanced<br />techniques like ultra-sonication, vacuum packing, electro plasmolysis, bio preservation,<br />nanotechnology, etc. There are many natural compounds extracted from plants like caffeine,<br />anthocyanin, turmeric, saffron used as food additives. Similarly, many synthetic additives can<br />be used in food for example ampicillin, benzoic acid, tetrazine and many more. These synthetic<br />additives are more dangerous as compared to natural additives; therefore, many additives are<br />banned in the world. These additives are given E codes (European union numbers) and INS<br />(International numbering system of food), but E code is used more commonly and labelled on<br />all food items like chips, biscuit, pharmaceutics, cosmetics etc. In this review, we summarize<br />some traditional and modern food preservation techniques and give some most commonly used<br />food additives with E codes.</p> Mussarat Jabeen Iqra Murtaza Ansa Madeeha Zafar Noreen Aslam Syed Ubaid Hassan Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Natural Medicine and Health Sciences 2023-09-30 2023-09-30 2 4 6 11 Advancement, applications, and future directions of 3D models in breast cancer research: a comprehensive review <p>3D models have popped up as indispensable tools for breast cancer study, they provide a closer<br />semblance of the multiplex cellular and cancer tissue microenvironment as compared to<br />ancient 2D cultures. Their utilization in BC research permits a better interpretation of<br />hemostasis, cell-to-cell, and cell-to-extracellular matrix interactions, differentiation of cells,<br />and tissue organization. 3D models qualify the exploration of numerous aspects regarding<br />cancer progression, it also includes invasion of the tumor, cancer metastasis, and drug<br />resistance, in a way that more precisely contemplates in vivo conditions. Hence, they provided<br />a precise environment for research as compared to a complex in vivo host cell environment.<br />This review highlights the importance of different 3D models in BC research, focusing on their<br />capability to enumerate complex disease physio-pathological features. This review explains<br />the variety of 3D models utilized in BC research, encompassing Multicellular Tumor<br />Spheroids (MCTS), Three-Dimensional (3D) bioprinting, Organoid Models, Microfluidic<br />technologies, Organ on chip models, 3D hydrogel models and in silico approaches for BC,<br />challenges and future of 3D models.</p> Rahmana Wazir Manam Walait Muzzamil Shehzad Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Natural Medicine and Health Sciences 2023-09-30 2023-09-30 2 4 12 20 Medical perspective of cupping therapy (Ḥijama): a review <p>Traditional and alternative medicine practitioners have used cupping therapy for centuries.<br />Growing data suggests that it may help treat disorders that are associated to pain in recent<br />years. An overview of the use of cupping therapy is provided in this article. One of the<br />most effective treatments for Ilaj bil Tadbeer is hijama. A vacuum is created to either<br />release blood from beneath the skin's surface or merely suction the area without allowing<br />any blood out in this unique therapeutic method, which involves positioning cup-shaped<br />veins on the body's surface. However, the effects in certain clinical trials were really strong.<br />It is suggested that medical professionals or researchers in order to ascertain the efficacy<br />of hijama in the treatment of various illnesses.</p> Farooq Hassan Asmat Ullah Khan Muhammad Amjad Ismail Madiha Khan Niazi Zuha Sohail Nimra Naeem Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Natural Medicine and Health Sciences 2023-03-30 2023-03-30 2 4 21 26 A comprehensive review on role of phytochemicals in human health <p>Phytochemicals are plant extracts that are widely used due to their ability to provide health <br />benefits and their therapeutic activity against several disorders. They are also called <br />phytonutrients as they are not really the part of our diet but have several positive effects on our<br />health. They are found to decrease the risk factor of cardiovascular disorders and coronary <br />heart disorders. It has also been found that phytochemicals diminish the risk ratio of several <br />types of cancers including breast, colon and skin cancers. This article revolves around taking <br />carotenoids, chlorophyll and fibers as examples of phytonutrients to evaluate their beneficial <br />role in several diseases. These phytochemicals have been found to be associated with <br />antioxidant activity, retinol activity, cell signaling, improvement of glycemic control, <br />protection against high blood pressure, facilitation in defecation and anti-cancerous activity.</p> Umer Amjad Zeeshan Ali Shoaib Shafique Muhammad Raza Muhammad Faisal Iqbal Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Natural Medicine and Health Sciences 2023-09-30 2023-09-30 2 4 27 36 Prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infections in patients visiting to gestroenterology department Rehman Medical Institute Khyber Pakhtunkhwa <p>Gastritis and peptic ulcer is common worldwide as well in Pakistan. H. pylori is causative <br />agent and can survive in acidic medium like stomach. H. pylori is unique bacteria that <br />capable to cause stomach cancer. The objective of present study was to report the <br />prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infections in patients visiting to Rehman Medical <br />Institute Peshawar. In the present descriptive cross-sectional study, a total number of 150 <br />patients visiting to Gastroenterology Department Rehman Medical Institute Peshawar were <br />gone through H. pylori screening test by Immunochromatography (BD ICT) method and <br />test was performed to find out prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection in patients <br />visiting to Gastroenterology Department Rehman Medical Institute Peshawar. Data was <br />recorded and analysed by SPSS-22 and shown here in the form of tables. Total number of <br />patients was 150, out of them 44 (29.3%) patients were H. pylori positive and 106(70.7%) <br />were H. pylori negative. The prevalence of H. pylori infection is higher in the patients <br />visiting to gastroenterology department of Rehman Medical Institute Peshawar. It is more <br />common in males as compared to female patients. We conclude here that patients of <br />gastroenterology should be screened for H. pylori to cope with treatment &amp; prevention from <br />further complications.</p> Paris Anwar Asma Naeem Mujahid Khan Amina Arif Ayesha Zahid Usman Wajid Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Natural Medicine and Health Sciences 2023-09-30 2023-09-30 2 4 37 43