South Asian Review of Business and Administrative Studies (SABAS) <p>The South Asian Review of Business and Administrative Studies (SABAS) under ISSN: 2710-5318 &amp; ISSN (E): 2710-5164 is an international, open access, peer-reviewed academic journal focusing on all topics related to business management and administrative sciences with a particular emphasis on the South Asia region. The journal is initiated keeping in view the unique socio-cultural position of South Asian region in Asian continent and the huge size of its market. Pakistan being the balanced and multicultural space in South Asian region will be the best place to showcase this important journal. The journal is published by University Press, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur Pakistan and managed independently by the editorial board under the umbrella of the Center for Business Research and Consulting (CBRC), Institute of Business Management and Administrative Sciences, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur Pakistan.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> en-US <p>The authors submitting and publishing in SABAS agree to the copyright policy under Creative Commons CC-BY-NC 4.0 International license (Attribution-Non Commercial 4.0 International). Under this license, the authors published in SABAS retain the copyright including publishing rights of their scholarly work and agree to let others remix, tweak, and build upon their work non-commercially.&nbsp;</p> (Dr. Sulaman Hafeez Siddiqui) (Mr. Farhan Bajwa) Sun, 31 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Promoting Online Education in Higher Education Institutions in Pakistan: Insights from the Technology Acceptance Model <p>This study investigates the effect of perceived usefulness (PU) and perceived ease of use (PEU) on university students’ attitudes toward online education, their behavioral intention, and subsequent actual adoption/use of online education, using the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) as a theoretical lens. It is also hypothesized students' geographic status (e.g., urban vs. rural) and educational levels (e.g., undergrad vs. grad) as moderating variables towards a positive effect of PU and PEU on actual adoption/use of online education through the mediation of attitude and behavioral intention. To this end, three hundred and thirty-one students were recruited from both public and private universities and sub-campuses in Pakistan, and the hypotheses were tested using structural equation modeling (SEM) and multigroup modeling in AMOS (Analysis of a moment structures in SPSS). SEM results supported the positive effect of PU and PEU on university students' attitudes toward online education, their behavioral intention, and subsequent actual adoption/use of online education. Finally, the important implications for policy and research are discussed.</p> Syed Mir Muhammad Shah, Faheem Gul Gilal, Raheela Haque, Elena Hunt Copyright (c) 2023 Syed Mir Muhammad Shah, Faheem Gul Gilal, Raheela Haque, Elena Hunt Sun, 31 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Assessment of Formality, Innovation and Productivity in Small and Medium Enterprises of Pakistan <p>This study aims to assess the dynamics of innovation and productivity of formally registered small and medium enterprises in Pakistan. It considers learning by doing and learning by schooling theories along with stylized facts about determinants of firms’ ability to practice innovation. This is the first detailed study that considers learning by doing and learning by schooling aspects of firms determining innovation practices. These are considered building blocks of sustainable economic growth and hence the growth processes of the firms. Realizing the state of these aspects provides valuable support to policymakers in developing effective policies for the manufacturing sector. For this purpose, a structural model is used to assess the factors affecting innovation followed by the effects of innovation on the productivity of the firms with reference to formality. The latest data by World Bank collected through Enterprise Survey between May 2013 to May 2015 is used to address the purpose. It is found that novel organizational and management practices promote the innovation of small and medium firms significantly. It is concluded that higher levels of productivity can be achieved through better organizational structure, employee training, the transformation of the internal structure of the production process, export growth, and the development of the business environment in various locations. These findings imply that export-oriented policies, research, and development for SMEs, training provisions for managers and employees, and changes in the&nbsp;hierarchal structure of the old established enterprises are the key elements for SMEs growth in Pakistan. Therefore, it is suggested to promote positive competition among SMEs as it works as a driving force to bring innovation and enhance the capacity utilization of the firms. It is observed that non-exporting firms are less concerned to adopt innovative practices that limit their productivity and growth. Thus, it is recommended to encourage these firms to grow at the par of their exporting counterparts by following their innovative strategies. These strategies bring direct benefits to the firms in terms of productivity and growth and have the potential to ultimately improve the livelihood and socio-economic status of the associated employees. Moreover, with higher levels of growth informal sector may also catch up with the formal sector through the effect of agglomeration economies of the formal firms located in the region.</p> Mamona Sadaf, Nadia Hassan, Muhammad Ijaz Latif Copyright (c) 2023 Mamona Sadaf, Nadia Hassan, Muhammad Ijaz Latif Sun, 31 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 ARIMA based Forecasting of an Integrated Model of 360-Degree Feedback for Administrative Staff of HEIs <p>This research focuses on enhancing the performance of a novel model called the Integrated Model of 360-degree feedback for Administrative Staff in Higher Education Institutions (HEIs). The study employs a time series approach to analyse historical data from this model to inform future strategic decisions. The selected ARIMA models demonstrated high forecasting accuracy, with Root Mean Square Errors (RMSE) approaching negligible values (0.12 for job performance, 0.04 for change in appraisal satisfaction, and 0.05 for job capability). Specifically, the ARIMA (1, 0, 1) model predicts moderate job performance, the ARIMA (0, 1, 3) model suggests relatively low appraisal satisfaction, and the ARIMA (0, 0, 4) model indicates a moderate job capability level, assuming other factors remain constant. The study explores the interconnectedness of data between appraisal satisfaction, job capability, and job performance, highlighting the potential for improved performance within the 360-degree feedback framework. In summary, this research constructs ARIMA models to forecast job performance, appraisal satisfaction, and job capability, demonstrating their effectiveness in the short term. Utilizing precise ARIMA models tailored to these performance indicators has the potential to significantly enhance forecasting accuracy and subsequently boost employee productivity within the Integrated Model of the 360-degree feedback framework.</p> Richard kodi, Rosemary Adu-Poku, Adwoa Serwaa Karikari Copyright (c) 2024 Richard kodi, Rosemary Adu-Poku, Adwoa Serwaa Karikari Sun, 31 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Trade Finance by Islamic Banks and Exchange Rates: A Study of Pakistan's Exports between 2010-2022 <p>This study examines the factors that can affect the Exports of Pakistan, by paying particular attention to letter of credit financing by Islamic banks in Pakistan and exchange rate. Sample data of Islamic listed Banks is selected from last twelve years i.e. 2010 to 2022 with 975 observations. Study measures export performance using exports figures of Pakistan as the proxy for export performance while external factors namely letter of credit financing by Islamic banks and exchange rate used as an influencing factor. Applying panel data analysis, the results provide positive association Pakistan’s export with Islamic banks' letter of credit financing and exchange rate, indicating that easy availability of trade financing and favorable exchange rate can help increase Pakistan’s exports. The findings can aid policy managers, banking professionals, particularly those hoping to boost exports and foreign exchange through them. The study may also benefit managers seeking to broaden their knowledge of the key elements influencing export performance.</p> Umair Khan, Muhammad Muzammil Copyright (c) 2024 Umair Khan, Muhammad Muzammil Sun, 31 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Organizational Resilience, Dynamic Leadership, Responsible Management and the Impact of VUCA: A Theoretical Framework <p>The evolving domain of Responsible Management (RM) generally accentuates upon the combination of sustainability, responsibility, and ethics in managerial practices. Whereas modern managerial practices are comprehended as a fine amalgam of diverse elements including human capital and acumen, complex machineries and materials, methodological processes and practices. However, the impact created by abrupt economic dynamics, changing social needs, time-sensitive informational factors and in-time decision making in relation to corresponding environment characterized by volatility, uncertainty, complexity &amp; ambiguity (VUCA) cannot be kept aside. Hitherto, the emerging trend identified in the recent past reveals that everything around us seems to be in a state of continuous flux. <em>We are entombed in the vortex of an unending cyclone of change</em>. Therefore, there is a dire need to understand the role of dynamic leadership in volatility, uncertainty, complexity and ambiguity inherent in the environment we are dwelling in, to analyze the challenges offered by them and to finally explore the solutions to overcome these challenges in the realm of Responsible Management (Singh &amp; Sharma, 2022). Present study seeks to fill in this gap, using qualitative methodology, by offering a theoretically grounded framework to integrate organizational resilience, dynamic leadership and responsible management.</p> Rehmat Ullah Khan, Sajjad Afridi Copyright (c) 2024 Rehman Ullah Khan, Sajjad Afridi Sun, 31 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000