AL-ULOOM-UL-ARABIA <p>Refereed Research Journal <strong> Al-Uloom ul-Arabia</strong> Arabic Research Journal is a national Journal for Arabic Linguistics &amp; Literature Research. It is an Open Access Bi-annual Peer Reviewed Print and Online Journal which has become an Academic Research Journal with an International Advisory Board representing various fields of research. This journal is launched to promote the study of general fields of Arabic Linguistics and Literature i.e. Morphology, Grammar, Rhetoric, Semantics, Phonology, Prosody, the Arab World, Poetry, Prose, Criticism, Comparative Literature, Religious Literature, Subcontinent Literature, and all other fields related to Arabic linguistics and literature.</p> The Islamia University of Bahawalpur en-US AL-ULOOM-UL-ARABIA 2518-962X أسلوب التغليب وأثره في نظم الكلام من خلال كتاب مرقاة المفاتيح شرح مشكاة المصابيح للملا علي بن (سلطان) محمد القاري <p><strong><em><u>Abstract</u></em></strong></p> <p><em>This article about the Prophetic Rhetoric</em> <em>and it’s highly impact on speech to convey the message to the listener. Particularly, the topics of “The Style of Taghleeb (</em><em>أسلوب التغليب</em><em>) &nbsp;(</em><em>أسلوب التغليب</em><em>)</em> <em>in the prophetic sayings, as treated in Mirqāt-al-Mafāteeh (A commentary on Mishkāāt-al-Masābeeh by Mulla Ali ibn (Sultān) Muhammad Al Qarī,), in the light of a plan that consists of introduction, explanation and conclusion. Firstly, it is described the meaning of “Taghleeb” and declared the basic concept of the Prophetic Style of Taghleeb” and elaborated the main kind of it with the examples in details, to convey the massage properly to the listener / reader, and its attractable impacts on the speech and meanings, according the Prophetic deal with reader/listener as they are differing from one to other, as well as, it examined the style of semantics in the Prophetic Style of Taghleeb</em><em>"</em> <em>and its positive impacts on the reader/listener. No doubt, the Prophetic Rhetoric is the basic root for all kinds of rhetoric</em><em>.</em></p> Muhammad Ameen Professor Dr. Fazlullah Copyright (c) 2023 2023-06-27 2023-06-27 11 1 109 120 خصائص ومراحل الإبداع القصصي في الرواية العربية الحديثة <p>The scientific paper seeks to explain the multiple stages that the modern Arabic story and novel passed through until it reached the first contemporary narrative trend in Arabic literature, which is the realistic trend, as well as to explain the characteristics and stages of narrative and novelistic creativity and its teaching methods.&nbsp; By answering two main questions: What is meant by the realistic trend in the contemporary novel in Arabic literature: its origins, characteristics, schools, most prominent writers, and most prominent models? And the second question: What are the characteristics and stages of narrative and novel creativity and its teaching methods?, and among the most prominent recommendations of the paper.&nbsp; Scientific: Directing those in charge of teaching to include writing novels and stories within the standards of linguistic education, and holding competitions for writing creative stories and novels by government and private sector institutions</p> Prof. Dr. WAFFA H ALOWyDHI Copyright (c) 2023 2023-06-23 2023-06-23 11 1 257 268 تلقي الأنساق في الفكر العربي: مقاربة ثقافية لكتاب "البخلاء" <p><em>Text was and still is the most flexible field for applying scientific methods, and the deepest for conducting various applications, if we are talking about curricula that study texts, digging into their epistemological backgrounds and searching for the cultural content, not its aesthetics.&nbsp; This perception makes us recall cultural criticism and the semiotic approach as falling within the context of post-modernism, and they are two approaches in which the first neglected the artistic view of the text, while the second remained somewhat drawn to the aesthetic trend in recognition of the literariness of the texts and looking at them from a cultural angle.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;&nbsp; If the true method is not believed in if it does not search for the facts of reality and the rules that control it – as Al-Ghudhami said – then this depends on controlling the concepts of the method that are biased from the principles of literary criticism, according to what it means to move away from searching beyond the text as a more specialized unit, according to Barthes’ expression.&nbsp; This aspect is crucial in monitoring cultural experiences, their symbols, and their declared implications at the intersection of systemic codes that diagnose the breadth of discourse and its relational transformations away from the aesthetic to diving into implicit patterns.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;&nbsp; Recently, we notice, and very excitingly, an increase in interest in cultural criticism and its methods from all levels and aspects, as we are faced with trends that emerged from the womb of several theories to compose an approach to it, an inductive method for its manifestations in literary and non-literary texts, in a deeper and more accurate way, reflecting the development of the method and the uniqueness of the work.&nbsp; Literary literature suitable for theoretical and applied study.</em></p> Errougui Soukaina Copyright (c) 2023 2023-06-20 2023-06-20 11 1 245 256 الدور التنويري للكتاب من خلال مثنوي " کتاب نامه: رسالة كتاب" للشاعر أرشد ناشاد دراسة وصفية تحليلية، مع الترجمة الشعرية للمثنوي <p><em>In the decade of 80s among those who excelled in the arena of poetry, criticism and research, one prominent name is of Dr. Arshad Mahmood Nashad. His book “Kitab Naama” is that kind of his poetic creation which reflects the importance and multiple qualities of a book in an impressive and attractive style and revives the tradition of love for book on the pattern of masnavi. In the article under review we have tried to explore the range of his poetic plus points collected in the form of “Kitab Naama”.</em></p> <p><em>Although “kitab Naama” is a short book yet the poet has skillfully rendered the story of the rise and the fall of the book. Alongside the aesthetic mention of book lovers from northern and southern hemisphere, there is a description of those cities as well that are renowned all over the world for their libraries. Moreover, different processes and stages of printing, decorating and publishing of books have also been brought forth. The greatest merit of the book is continuity and beauty of expression. The story of the book is told through first person narrative which is an evidence of poet’s skill and craft. In this article, alongside highlighting the thematic angles of “kitab Naama” different aspects of the poet’s artistic skill is also brought forth.</em></p> Dr. Hend Abdelhalim Mahfouz Copyright (c) 2023 2023-06-25 2023-06-25 11 1 201 245 منهج "التفسیرالعثماني " للـعـلامـة شـبـیـر أحـمـدالعثماني <p><em>The research deals with the method of the "Ottoman interpretation" of the scholar Shaibir Ahmad al-Othmani (</em><em>1369 </em><em>AH / </em><em>1949</em><em>). Scientific study - his life and scientific production. He was the known scholar of Sub-continant in the twentieth century who played a prominent role in the dissemination of science, literature and culture. Al-Othmani was a brilliant innovator, a well-known cleric, a well-known politician, and a well-known scholar. He was born in the Ottoman Empire, </em><em>10</em><em> Muharram </em><em>1305 </em><em>AH, /</em><em>6</em><em> October </em><em>1886 </em><em>AD in Madinah Bujnor, in the region of Atar Pradesh-India. This interpretation is a commentary on the translation of the Quran to the verses of the Sheikh of India, Mahmoud Hassan, has been printed and distributed by King Fahd Complex for print of the Holy Quran in Madina</em><em>.</em></p> <p><em>In his interpretation, the author has adopted a scientific method based on the combination of science, knowledge, and extrapolation, which combines the knowledge, which is in the spirit of interpretation. He covered creativity and wisdom and honesty</em><em>.</em></p> Professor Dr. Abdul Rahim Dr. Muhammad Tahir Muhammad Tayyeb Copyright (c) 2023 2023-06-27 2023-06-27 11 1 223 237 الشعر والشعراء من منظور الحديث النبوي الشريف <p><em>The Arabs were famous for their eloquence, narrations, and the quality of poetry. They loved poetry, organizing it and narrating it in their assemblies and clubs, in every way.</em> <em>And while they are like that, when ALLAH sent among them Muhammad (SAWW) among the most eloquent of all the Arab tribes, the Quraysh tribe, to which the Arabs used to rule in poetry systems</em><em>.</em><em>The good of it is what Quraysh accepted, and the bad of it is what Quraysh rejected.</em><em> The</em> <em>Prophet (</em><em>SAWW</em><em>) did not take a hostile stance towards poetry, but gave it the character of the Islamic religion, so that it would absorb the Islamic spirit, and be a positive tool in the ranks of the Islamic call, defending it, hostile to polytheism, exposing its shortcomings.</em> <em>The Prophet - peace be upon him - used to denounce the poets, the poetry of promiscuity and lewdness, and the poetry that aims to arouse instincts, wound the selves, and stir up grudges. The Prophet (</em><em>SAWW</em><em>) memorized some of what the poets said, and he used to correct and criticize them, and what was reported from him (</em><em>SAWW</em><em>) about the prohibition of poetry compositions. For this, the scholars provided directives that are consistent with the true wisdom of this prohibition, and the Holy Prophet (</em><em>SAWW</em><em>) did not appear to oppose poetry except in some specific conditions.</em></p> Dr. Amin Ali Dr. Rana Aman Ullah Copyright (c) 2023 2023-06-25 2023-06-25 11 1 196 222 إسهام علماء بهاولبور فی النثر العربي <p><em>Before and after the advent of Islam, the Arabs travelled to India for trade. With the establishment of trade relations between the Arabs and the people of India, the teaching and promotion of Arabic language and literature started up. The Indigenous people of the subcontinent worked hard to acquire religious learning’s and fine arts. With the passage of time, the centers for the education and training of Arabic language and literature were established all over the subcontinent. During the period of Mughals there was a large number of oriental scholars and linguistics in the subcontinent. Afterwards, the British Empire used all its resources to divert people from Arabic language and literature towards English language and culture despite that the trend to receive Islamic teachings and to learn Arabic language and literature kept increasing. After the partition of Subcontinent, Pakistan came into being. In Pakistan the scholars and linguists of Arabic wrote many books for the enhancement of Arabic language and literature and also for the promotion of religious teachings. There established prominent institutions, universities and Madaris for the promotion of oriental studies. The Ulma of State Bahawalpur contributed much for this great task. These Scholars composed numerous books and research articles for the revival and development of Arabic language and Literature. The Scholars wrote various books of Arabic prose, Tafseer, Hadith, Islamic Jurisprudence, logic, Philosophy, Rhetoric and Discourse. Certain Scholars interpreted and evaluated Arabic sermons, Fables, Short Stories and novels as well. </em></p> Dr.Ahmad Ali Badat Copyright (c) 2023 2023-06-25 2023-06-25 11 1 147 159 دور الحاسوب ووسائل التواصل الاجتماعي في تعليم اللغة العربية في باكستان <p><strong><em>Abstract</em></strong><em>:</em></p> <p><em>This article deals with the usage of new techniques for teaching Arabic in Pakistan. The article aims to introduce a new horizon in field of teaching and spreading Arabic Language through computer and social media such as, YouTube, Facebook, WhatsApp, and other apps. We must adopt these techniques to tackle the challenges of globalization, as well as we must use the social media for an educational purpose. Furthermore, the paper highlights some important applied proposal for usage of computer and social media for purpose of teaching Arabic in Pakistan.</em></p> Dr. Raja Majid Moazzam Hafiz Muhammad Tayyab Saeed Copyright (c) 2023 2023-06-27 2023-06-27 11 1 133 146 صورة فلسطين في شعرعبد الرحيم محمود <p><strong><em><u>Abstract</u></em></strong></p> <p><em>The research Paper deals with a Palestinian poet, his house and his light, his passion, his hope and the height of his ambition. He carried between his ribs and sang poetry from the heart to the heart, so that his spirit fell on his land</em><em>.</em></p> <p><em>Abdel Rahim Mahmoud is a Palestinian poet, born in Anabta village, Tulkarem district in </em><em>1913</em><em>. He was martyred in </em><em>1948</em><em>. And the title of the Palestinian martyr poet. Dream poem "Martyr</em><em>":</em> <em>I will carry my spirit on my rest and throw it into the shafts of my head. Either the life of a righteous friend or death is a crime. </em></p> <p><em>The same sheriff has Gaitan and Ruud Al-Manaya and Neil Al-Muna.</em></p> <p><em>I signed the poem myself a good location, and occupied the owner in my memory a place, I began the way, to know the personality of this poet and the circumstances of his life and martyrdom and poetics</em><em>.</em></p> Dr.Rahmatullah Ahmad Nadeem Professor Dr. Abdul Rahim Copyright (c) 2023 2023-06-27 2023-06-27 11 1 121 132 فكرة الاختيار في الشعر العربي <p><em>The purpose of choosing poetry for everyone is almost the same, which is to preserve the Arab heritage, although the way of expression of each of them differs in highlighting the outstanding poem in its length and its complete parts as a representative of Arab poetry that must remain in its light. Linguistic values </em><em>​​</em><em>in a disciplinary field, and this required a deep search for a model of poetry that carries the weight of this task</em>. <em>Poetry selections cannot be put in one type, but rather they represent three categories, each of which has its own specifications, taking into account the general purpose of authorship that makes some categories link with each other. The first of them: the early poetic anthologies, these selections included: Al- Sabu al- Tiwal, Al- Mufaddiyat &amp; Al- Asmaiyat.</em></p> <p><em>As we can see, it is related in terms of the general purpose of its selection to the process of collecting poetry and is also related to the selection and selection of poetry. It is based on:</em></p> <p><em>1<sup>st</sup>: Taking into account the realization of the special specifications of the anthology types in Arabic literature, and this necessitates finding a set of partial definitions related to the diversifications of the anthology, whose specifications are interrogated from the research priorities.</em></p> <p><em>2<sup>nd</sup>:</em> <em>Comprehensive awareness of the selection that indicates a distinctive indication of a phenomenon of authorship, fine as written by one or more authors or produced by an era of literature.</em></p> Dr. Syed Yasir Ali Dr. Amin Ali Copyright (c) 2023 2023-02-27 2023-02-27 11 1 1 10 ظهورالتأويل في الدرس اللغوي عند العرب بين النظرية والتطبيق <p><em>This research deals with the study of the phenomenon of interpretation in the Arabic linguistic thought, as this phenomenon has a strong presence in the linguistic study. And logical reasoning, then interpretation becomes the most important means of the linguistic lesson in graduation and guidance. In order to achieve scientific validation of this phenomenon, the study followed a historical and comparative approach in monitoring interpretation practices among grammarians since the early linguistic activity of the Arabs</em><em>.</em></p> Dr. Majdi hussin ahmad shahadat Copyright (c) 2023 2023-06-28 2023-06-28 11 1 96 108 رواية السيرة الذاتية في الأدبين العربي والأردي: "يا بنات إسكندرية" لإدوار الخراط و(على پور كا ايلى) لممتاز مفتي أنموذجًا <p>This research focuses on a type of literary novel in both Arabic and Urdu literature, which is the novel that makes the life of its author a field for storytelling and narration. It is a novel that has its literary imagination, but it carries in its essence the biography of the novelist. The research mentions two examples of autobiographical novels, which are "Ya Banat Iskandariya" by Edwar al-Kharrat and "Ali Pur Ka Eliye" by Mumtaz Mufti. The novel and autobiography follow different paths in terms of literary genre, characteristics, and techniques. The novel relies on imagination in its characters, time, place, and events, while the autobiography is based on truth in its characters, time, place, and the honesty and frankness in narrating the events. Additionally, the autobiography is primarily focused on the life of the author, with the author present within it. The author establishes a pact with the reader to write something that aligns with reality, unlike the novel where the author tends to isolate themselves to a significant extent. This aligns with the theory of the "death of the author," which emphasizes the complete separation between the author and the artistic work. However, despite this distinction, some authors have integrated both literary genres into one framework. This gave rise to the emergence of the genre called "autobiographical novel" or "novel-memoir," in which the novelist incorporates their autobiography into a fictional narrative. They may change the names of the characters or add elements of imagination alongside truth and frankness in other aspects. The author does not necessarily adhere to a pact with the reader to present a depiction that matches their real life. It may not be confirmed or denied, especially if the reader is familiar with the author's life, which may somewhat align with the fictional character presented in the autobiographical novel. Some critics argue that the terms "autobiographical novel" and "novel-memoir" differ. The "autobiographical novel" is crafted by the author in a narrative format without altering its elements, thus preserving the real names, places, and roles of the characters. On the other hand, the "novel-memoir" is a literary artistic novel that incorporates a part of the author's life story or its resemblance, but with changes in the names of the characters, places, and the course of events. It may also include fictional events without explicitly acknowledging them as autobiographical.</p> Khalique Shehzad Dr. Muhammad Iqbal Copyright (c) 2023 2023-06-25 2023-06-25 11 1 85 95 عرض وتحليل للمجموعة القصصية "كان ما كان" لميخائيل نعيمة <p><strong><em><u>"</u></em></strong><em>Kaan Ma Kaan" is a collection of short stories published by Dar Al-Makshuf in Beirut in 1937. The collection consists of six stories: "The Cuckoo Clock", "Its new Year", "The Barren Woman", "The Ammunition", "Dear the Pasha", and "Shorty</em><em>".</em></p> <p><em>The collection was translated into Persian and published in 2014, and two stories, "The Its new Year" and "Dear the Pasha", were translated into English</em><em>.</em></p> <p><em>The stories are filled with memories and dreams, and they open up horizons of the past. Although the past may be all misery, Mikhail Naimey interacted with humanity in this collection, and he meditated on life and the secrets of the human soul, focusing on emotions and feelings that he conveyed through a magical and descriptive narrative, causing the reader to interact involuntarily with them. In each story of this collection, the human ego was present. This ego is what made Khatab turn his back on the field and immigrate to America to challenge the Cuckoo Clock that took his beloved, and it is the same ego that made the beautiful woman in "The Barren Woman" commit suicide because she did not find herself in the heart of Aziz, who wanted her for the Children. In her letter to Aziz, she repeated the word "I" seventeen times. This ego is what made Shorty say, "Names among people are used like branding for cattle, to distinguish one from the other, and they do not perform the qualities of the named." Shorty repeated the word "I" four times in the first part of his letter before the author interrupted him and eight times in the second part</em><em>.</em></p> <p><em>This ego seeks its happiness and hates what harms it. This collection seeks identity in its foreignness and seeks to communicate with others in peace and love. "Kaan Ma Kaan" revealed several social themes, including immigration to the West, its positives and negatives, and its effects on Arab immigrants, the preference for males over females in the Arab mentality, in the past and present, and the issue of infertility in women, as well as the negative effects of wars on individuals and communities.</em></p> Wajiha Bashir Bushra Yasmin Hashmi Copyright (c) 2023 2023-04-29 2023-04-29 11 1 70 84 تأثير الإسلام في معاني الشعر وألفاظه وأغراضه في عصر صدر الإسلام <p><em>The Arabic language and poetry are inseparable like soul and body, one is inseparable from the other, and since we reached the history of the pre-Islamic Arabs, we found it associated with poetry systems, and poetry was the great phenomenon in the pre-Islamic era, and the Arabs were passionate about rhetoric and eloquence, so the miracle of the Holy Qur’an came to them</em><em>, So they were fascinated by it, and it captured their hearts, they were unable to come up with a verse like it, &amp; they became exhausted with ways to match it, so they returned to their stubbornness,</em> <em>among the accusations they accused the Holy Qur’an of being poetry, and that the Prophet (SAWW) is a poet, even though they knew that he was farther from that.</em></p> <p><em>So, Islam kept all the good pre-Islamic values, concepts and morals as they were, endorsed them, refined the impurities attached to them, and denied and fought the wrong and bad morals and concepts.</em> <em>This constructive intellectual and cultural revolution occurred in poetry as well, so Islam exploited poetry to serve the Islamic religion, spread Islamic morals, praise its beauty, praise the Prophet (SAWW) and respond to the polytheists, and refute their pre-Islamic beliefs and concepts.</em></p> Dr. Amin Ali Dr. Muhammad Qasim Junaidi Copyright (c) 2023 2023-04-29 2023-04-29 11 1 55 69 ملامح المقاومة في شعر الشابي -نماذج مختارة <p><em>It is a research that studies the phenomenon of Tunisian literature and its relationship to the traits of resistance, and its blog is confined to modern Tunisian poetry, which is part of it. Thus, our extensive academic research was conducted in four chapters, the core of which is national poetry, and its main objective is to reveal the characteristics of resistance in modern Tunisian poetry.</em></p> <p><em>National Poetry is a modern product of political and economic and social conditions experienced by the people at the beginning of the modern era where the Arab people saw the experience of colonialism. This situation produced a number of intellectuals, writers and poets, crystallized with a deep awareness of the degradation of life. This is why we call for the advancement and development and motivational poems and the most important among these is Abo El Qacem Shabbi and the dimension in the poetry of Abo El Qacem Shabbi. It is for this the national dimension in the poetry by Abu Qacem has been discussed.</em></p> Dr. Hafiz Masood Dr. Abdulwahab Sahravi Copyright (c) 2023 2023-02-05 2023-02-05 11 1 29 54 العوامل المؤثرة في تكوين شخصية سيدنا عمر (رضي الله عنه) الأدبية <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> <p><em>The great personality Hazrat Umer (May Allah Pleased with him) was no doubt possessed effective and active multi- dimensional factors which not only made him not only well known in the Arab world but also prominent in the world and will be ever remembered till the day of resurrection. He was not only a charming personality at the time of ignorance but also became a glittering star when he accepted Islam. He rendered his utmost efforts in the field of call towards Almighty Allah. His accepting of Islam was a great boost for the Muslims but also paved the way towards the propagation of the religion of Islam. He was a multi dimensional personality. He loved literature. The article will discuss the factors which affected the formation of the literary personality of Hazrat Umer (May Allah pleased with him). The article consists upon the abstract, three sections; the atmosphere of time of ignorance, revelation of the holy Quran, presence of the holy Prophet (Peace be upon him), result of the research and the bibliography.</em></p> Dr. Muhammad Nasir Mustafa Dr. Sana Ayesha Khan Copyright (c) 2023 2023-02-25 2023-02-25 11 1 20 28 المصطلحات العربية في شعر إقبال باللغة الأردية <p><em>Dr. Allama Muhammad Iqbal has been a famous poet, Jurist and an active leader of Freedom Movement during 20th century. He is basically known for his poetry in Urdu and Persian Languages. The central idea of his poetry was the Renaissance of the Muslim Nation. Allama Iqbal was amongst a few mentally fertile and Progressive people of that time. He had a great inclination towards Arabic language as well. Therefore, he used to employ Arabic Terminology in his Urdu and Persian poetry. Once upon a time, he was invited by his true friends to Hakeem Ameenudeen 's house to present his poetry before other poets. It was an early stage of his poetic career where there he produced rich poetic verses and employed the Arabic Terminology "Arq e Infaal" for first time. It was all of sudden that all the audience applaused and appreciated Allama Muhammad Iqbal for a timely use of Arabic Terminology" Arq e Infaal". There, Mirza Arshad Gormani forecasted that Allama Muhammad Iqbal shall become a great poet. This Article shall highlight some Arabic Terminology employed by Allama Muhammad Iqbal in his Urdu poetry. </em></p> Dr. Hafiz Ubaid ur Rahman Maqsood Ahmad Copyright (c) 2023 2023-02-10 2023-02-10 11 1 11 19