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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

It is important for potential authors to read and follow the guidelines to structure the document below. The main text will be divided into several sections and each section may be further divided into several divisions and sub-divisions. The contents of the sections are only indicative.


 Title must be written in 14 font size at the start of the manuscript

 Center alignment and Bold

 If your title is long, this running head title should be a shortened version of the title of your entire paper.



 Article content should be written in Times New Roman, 12 format

 Article must be provided in word format (docx)

 Double spacing with normal 1-inch margin throughout the document.

 Section heading should start on a new page

 Heading and subheading should be numbered. e.g. 1, 1.1, 1.1.1.

 Material and Method, 3. Conclusion

 Use white 8 ½  x 11” paper

 The first word in every paragraph should be indented one half inch

 Tables and figures in a Section should be placed in the immediate vicinity of the reference where they are cited.


 Articles should be between 5000 to 8000 words, including figures, references and tables.

 Abstract must not exceed 300 words with 4 to 6 key words or descriptive phrases

Page number

All pages should be numbered at center of page.

To create the running head/page header, insert page numbers justified to the center of the paper (do not put p. or pg. in front of page numbers)

Author’s information

Articles must have author’(s) name, affiliation and email address provided in separate document

All authors that have made a significant contribution to the paper are listed in sequence. The corresponding author must be clearly mentioned with steric*.

All authors must have to fill a consent form that their manuscripts are comprised of original work; plagiarism duplication, fabrication and redundant publication are prohibited.



All submissions must include a structured abstract, following the format outlined below. It must always be included:




Theoretical/ Practical implications

Abstract must not exceed 300 words with 4 to 6 key words or descriptive phrases

Originality of Manuscript

Plagiarism is theft of others published and unpublished ideas or other intellectual property without their consent, or presenting them as innovative work rather than derived from an existing source. The journal seriously takes issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches in publication. Equally, the Editorial Board aims to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice.

The papers submitted to the journal are being processed in Plagiarism Detection Software using Turnitin with an allowable similarity index of less than 19%.

Paper Structure

Section 1: Introduction

1.1 Statement of the Problem

1.2 Scope of the Study

1.3 Objectives of the Study

Section 2: Literature Review

2.1  Concepts and Constructs

2.2  Operational Definitions

 Section 3: Research Methodology

3.1   Research Strategy

3.2   Data Collection Method (Primary/Secondary)

3.3   Data Analysis

3.4   Data Interpretations

Section 4: Discussion and Conclusion

4.1  Discussion and findings

4.2  Limitations

4.3  Conclusion

4.4   Future directions and implications


Appendices are provided to give supplementary information, which if included in the main text may serve as a distraction and cloud the central theme under discussion.

Appendices should be numbered using Arabic numerals, e.g. Appendix 1, Appendix 2, etc.

Appendices, Tables and references appearing in appendices should be numbered and referred to at appropriate places just as in the case of Sections.

Appendices shall carry the title of the work reported and the same title shall be made in the contents page also.

List of References

Any work of other researchers, if used either directly or indirectly, the origin of the material thus referred to at appropriate places in thesis report should be indicated. Follow the Chicago Notes and Bibliography Style.



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