Political Horizons is an open-access and peer-reviewed research journal of the Department of Political Science, the Islamia University of Bahawalpur. The Journal aims to contribute to the discipline of political science in the relevant spheres of policy, polity, and politics with cross-cutting, sophisticated, and rigorous research. To ignite an intellectual discourse, scholarly debate, and informed policy dialogue, the journal welcomes research publications that are innovative, novel, and creative with considerable contributions to the existing literature, and/or offer fresh insights about comparative political and policy perspectives across the globe. The journal publishes scholarly research in major areas of political science that include but not limited to political economy, comparative politics, public policy, public administration, gender studies & gender empowerment, public finance, public management, governance & statecraft, peace & conflict resolution, ethnicity, human resource development, international relations, defense & strategic studies, war studies, political anthropology, political sociology, organizational theory design & behavior, sustainable development and development studies, and civic engagement. The journal values diversity, hence, puts no restrictions on methodical approaches and welcome all qualitative, quantitative, and interactive research studies, with no compromise on quality, integrity, and standards of the submitted papers, for assisting its wider audience to have abreast of the recent happenings in their areas of interest.