Measuring Sustainable Development through Eco-efficiency: A Case Study of Mega Cities of Pakistan
Imbalanced and unplanned social and economic development along with urbanization is the main reasons for environmental degradation in Pakistan. Eco-efficiency approach is used to make development tangible so that sustainable urban development can be promoted. Eco-efficiency of Karachi is found lowest among all other cities. Lahore has the high prosperity score as compared with Karachi but its eco-efficiency is greater than Karachi. Eco-efficiency is not found in accordance with the pattern of spatial development in Pakistan. It has been suggested that distinguished polices should be developed by the Government as per the need of the cities. Current study calls forth the recognition of eco-efficiency by Government and the masses in order to put it into implementation for sustainable urban development.
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