A Book Review of What history tells us? By Dr. Mubarak Ali
A Review of What history tells us?
Keywords:HISTORTY, TECHNIQUES OF HISTORY, HISTORIAN
The book “WHAT HISTORT TELLS US?” by Dr. Mubarak Ali was published in 2012 at Tarikh Publications Lahore. Its title was designed by Riaz Zahoor Khan and Zahoor Ahmad Khan was its publisher. This book was dedicated to Dr Riaz Ahmad Shiekh. It book is comprised of 112 page and 29 chapters. First chapter Starts from page number 7 and last chapter starts from page number 98 and ends on page number 100. Index consists of page 101 to 112. Each chapter is reviewed according to the order of book.
Learning from History There is no doubt that we learn from history not what history teaches us but what we want to learn from it. Perhaps those who wield power are not interested in what history wants to teach them instead any try to alter history to suit their interest. As society is breaking up in ethnic, linguistic, and sectarian groups, it is becoming difficult day by day to write history objectively - a history which will create consciousness and not one which will mislead people. Rewriting History How points of view change with the change of time is illustrated to the case of the Greek historian, Herodotus, who was regarded as the father of history by Cicero, the Roman thinker, who recognized him as the authentic historian of his time. His position was challenged during the Renaissance period when more research was done into the past and his account of history was criticized as a bundle of lies: He was discredited as an authentic historian and his book Histories was labeled as a bunch of fairy tales. in political, social, and financial crimes go scot-free how can we learn from history to correct our policies" If we trace our history since 1947, there are so many unpleasant events which we will have to forget; for example, the dissolution of the Legislative Assembly in 1954 by Ghulam Muhammad and the judgment of Justice Munir to legalize it through the Doctrine of Necessity. It we exclude all there aspects of our history, then we do not have any history at all It is correct that history sometimes becomes a burden for the titling classes who do not like to see their face in its mirror. To understand the process of history, we find that there is history of events and history of ideas. Alternative History Throughout the period of recorded history, history writing was used by the nailing classes to maintain their high status. However, as result of communalization of politics, historiography was also affected and both Hindus and Muslims interpreted history through a communal point of view in which Muslims resurrected Muhammad bin Qasim, and portrayed Mahmud of Ghazni and Muhammad Ghori as their heroes, while Hindus brought to light non-Muslim heroes like Rana Partab, Shivaji And Guru Govind Singh who put up resistance against the Muslim rulers. European historians challenged the Rankian concept that correct and authentic history could be written only on the basis of state documents (to the Germans the state is a sacred institutions).The historians of Annles School moved to writing cultural history and used several different sources like diaries, letters, literary work, newspapers, and magazines to construct social and cultural history. Religious Parties Political Agenda Those religious parties who believe that by preaching and persuasion, the morals of people could be corrected assume that this process would change the world slowly in their favors and in the end there 'would be no social or political problem.
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