القِيمُ الأخلاقية في الحديث النبوية ﷺ وأهميتها في المجتمع الأسلامي
Moral values in the Hadith of The Holy Prophet ﷺ and Significance in the Islamic Society
Keywords:Moral values, Hadith, Holy Prophet ﷺ, Muslim's scale, interpretations
Islam is a complete code of life and it is that exemplary constitution and way of life for all the human beings to appear till Hereafter and in it, complete and profound guidance has been provided for the whole humanity belonging to all sections of life and this characteristic and differentially has only been bestowed to this complete of life, the Islam.
In Islam, not only rituals, matters, beauty of sociology, mutual conducts, courtesy and moral codes have basic importance, but at the same time, religious and moral values have also been given basic and exemplary position. Our beloved Prophet Hazrat Muhammad SAWW was bestowed as a teacher of morality. His message is an embodiment of his teachings/ constitution, his way of life (Deen), his sense of morality/ethics and moral values. (Muhammad) and of believers; as well as many other virtues n the holy Qur'an, Allah has addressed the Prophet Muhammad:
`Thus it is due to mercy from God that you deal with them gently, and had you been rough, hard-hearted, they would certainly have dispersed from around you' (3:159).
وَاِنَّكَ لَعَلٰى خُلُقٍ عَظِيْمٍ (68:4And verily, you (O Muhammad ﷺ) are on an exalted standard of character.
In this verse, the demented people are invited to think carefully about the lofty morals of the Holy Prophet (ﷺ). The Holy Prophet's Exalted Quality of Character Sayyidna Ibn `Abbas has said that 'exalted quality of character' signifies a 'great religion, and it is Islam, a religion dearest to Allah'. Sayyidah `A'ishah was asked about the Holy Prophet's (ﷺ) character. She replied: The Holy Prophet's (ﷺ) character was the Qur'an itself'. In other words, he is the living example of the Qur'an that teaches high morals. Sayyidna `Ali said that 'exalted quality of character' signifies the 'good manners which the Qur'an has taught'. All these interpretations have almost the same significance. That is to say, not only that the Holy Prophet (ﷺ) is not an insane person, but he is the sublime and noblest of men possessing in full measure all the moral excellence that combine to make their possessor a perfect image of his Creator. The Holy Prophet's (ﷺ) humanity was of the most perfect character. He was a complete embodiment of all good moral qualities that a man is capable of possessing. The Holy Prophet (ﷺ) himself said: بعثت لاتمم مکارم الاخلاق I have only been sent to perfect noble character/conduct. [Abu Hayyan]. Sayyidna Anas said:I served Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) for ten years, and he never said a word of displeasure to me, nor did he ever say to me concerning something I had done: 'Why did you do that?' And he never said to me concerning what I had not done: 'Why did you not do this?' [Bukhari and Muslim].
Obviously, a ten-year period is a long time during which some unpleasant or objectionable thing might have happened. Sayyidna Anas said: As a result of the Holy Prophet's noble character, any slave-girl of Madinah would hold his hand and take him wherever she would like to.
Sayyidah `A'ishah said: Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) never struck anyone with his hands except when he was fighting in jihad in the cause of Allah. It is confirmed that when he fought jihad in the cause of Allah, he killed unbelievers. Otherwise, he did not hit any servant, nor any woman. He would never take revenge for any harm or mistake done. He would only implement Shar’ i punishment on those who violated Allah's laws. [Transmitted by Muslim].
Sayyidna Jabir says that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) was never asked for anything for which he said 'No'. [Bukhari and Muslim]. Sayyidah `A'ishah said: Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) was never vulgar, never pretended to be vulgar and he never shouted in the marketplaces. He never responded to evil by evil, but always pardoned and overlooked.
Sayyidna Abu-d-Darda' narrates that Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) said: Noble character will be the heaviest thing on a Muslim's scale of good deeds on the Day of Resurrection. Allah detests the rude and foul-mouthed person. [ Transmitted by Tirmidhi, grading it as a Tradition which is 'hasan']. Sayyidah `A'ishah narrates that Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) said:
Indeed, by virtue of good character, a believer can attain the status of votaries who spend their nights in worship and their days in fasting. [Abu Dawud].
Sayyidna Mu'dh Ibn Jabal narrates that when he placed his foot into the stirrup of his mount, as he was departing for Yemen as the governor of that province, Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) advised him: یا مَعَاذ اَحسِن خُلُقَکَ لِلنَّاس Mu`adh, display your best character with people.