Assessment of risk factors associated with diabetes

Assessment of risk factors associated with diabetes

Authors

  • Zeeshan Sumer Department of Pharmacy, University of Poonch Rawalakot Azad Kashmir
  • Ejaz Rafique Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, University of Lahore
  • Muhammad Soaib Said Department of Pharmacy, University of Poonch Rawalakot Azad Kashmir
  • Iqra Saleem Department of Pharmacy, University of Poonch Rawalakot Azad Kashmir
  • Ahsan Zahid Department of Eastern Medicine, University of Poonch, Rawalakot Azad Kashmir
  • Uzma Bashir Department of Eastern Medicine, University of Poonch, Rawalakot Azad Kashmir
  • Misbah Firdous Department of Eastern Medicine, University of Poonch, Rawalakot Azad Kashmir
  • Asif Mehmood Hashmi Department of Eastern Medicine, University of Poonch, Rawalakot Azad Kashmir

Keywords:

Key words: Cardiovascular Disease, Diabetes Mellitus, Fasting Blood Sugar, Hepatitis C Virus, Hypertension, Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus, Wealth Health Organization,

Abstract

Abstract:

Objective: Purpose of the study was to assess to risk factors of diabetes type II and complications in diabetic patient of tertiary care hospital. Methods/Design: Cross sectional study conducted to evaluate the risk factors associated with diabetes Mellitus. Setting: Tertiary hospitals of Islamabad and Azad Kashmir was selected for the current study. Participants: 50 patients assessed without any gender discrimination age between 35 to 85 years for risk factors and complications. Intervention: Data was collected from patients that were bed ridden admitted in hospitals. A total of 50 patients were included in this study with age limit more than 35 years and without any discrimination of gender. Primary Outcome Measures:  In tertiary care hospitalized patient’s obesity, inactivity and family history were the major risk factor for diabetes mellitus type 2 and we calculated the obesity, inactivity and family history percentage in diabetic patients 63%, 49% and 67% respectively. Results: Percentage of risk factors calculated the obesity, inactivity and family history in diabetic patients 63%, 49% and 67% respectively. Macro vascular complications in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 were stroke 3%, angina 8%, hypertension and cognitive impairment have highest percentages i.e., 78%. 46% patients were suffering from ulceration; gangrene and amputation have percentages 19% and 3% respectively. Patients with microvascular complications of diabetic nephropathy were assessed for their albuminuria 25%, edema 32% and incontinence 28%. Conclusion: These complications can be avoided if patients of DM type 2 adopt a healthy lifestyle, do exercise and monitor their blood glucose levels regularly. Patients should also control their blood pressure to avoid damage to their microvasculature.

References

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Published

2022-03-31

How to Cite

Sumer, Z. ., Rafique, E. ., Said, M. S., Saleem, I., Zahid, A. ., Bashir, U., Firdous, M., & Hashmi, A. M. (2022). Assessment of risk factors associated with diabetes: Assessment of risk factors associated with diabetes. International Journal of Natural Medicine and Health Sciences, 1(2). Retrieved from https://journals.iub.edu.pk/index.php/ijnms/article/view/836

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