A Research Based Analytical Study of the Issue of Qiyās fil ‘Ibādah
عبادات میں قیاس کےاجراءکاتحقیقی وتجزیاتی مطالعہ
AaQiyās means to measure or evaluating one thing in terms of another. Qiyās indicates a comparison to establish equality or similarity between two things. According to Jurists, Technically it is an extension of law from the original text to which the process is pragmatic. Qiyās is an extension of the Shari’ah ruling from the original case (AṢl) to the new case (Far’) because both of them have the same effective cause (‘Illah). As per Jurists, Qiyās is one of the most important among the rational sources. In Qiyās a jurist tries to find out the effective cause of a Ḥukm in the Qur’an and Sunnah then renders the two cases equal in terms of Ḥukm. To find the Ḥukm is not an easy task in majority of cases, and for this purpose a qualified person such as, Mujtahid is sometimes required in such a case.The article under review is related to the issue of Qiyās fil ‘Ibādah. Jurists have different opinion in said issue. In this article, the opinions of the Jurists have been examined in detail and research concludes that no absolute Ḥukm can be placed on this issue. Where a reason is found to be rational it is suitable to order the proclamation of the Qiyās.
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