Effect of Employee Engagement, Organization Culture and Reward on Employee Performance: Moderating Role of Toxic Leadership
Keywords:Job Engagement, Organizational culture, Reward, toxic leadership and Job Performance.
This study explains the moderating role of toxic leadership on the relationship of employee engagement, organization culture and reward with the employee job performance. The objectives of the study were to observe the relationship among these determinant factors and the task overall performance of employees and to analyze the impact of these determinant elements on the individual overall performance and also check the moderation effect on these determinant factors. Information was gathered from the different universities of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan. The Cross-sectional survey technique is used in this research, as this study is quantitative research approach. Primary data were gathered with the help of 5-point Likert-Scale survey and 303 responses were correctly filled and returned. The closed ended survey is used to accumulate information and the SPSS software version 23 and smart PLS 3.0.0 is used to assess the empirical data. There are three independent variables; employee engagement, organization culture and the reward and incentives whereas there is only one dependent variable that is employees’ job performance and only one moderator that is toxic leadership.