Corruption, Trade Openness and Environmental Quality: Evidence from Developing Countries

  • Muhammad Ramzan Sheikh Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Adeel Abbas Bahauddin Zakariya University, Vehari Campus
  • Asad Abbas COMSATS University Islamabad, Vehari Campus
  • Muhammad Imran Mushtaq Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan, Pakistan.
Keywords: Environmental Quality, Corruption, Trade Openness, Developing Countries

Abstract

The effects of corruption and trade on environmental quality have significance in open economies. This study has explored the impact of corruption and trade openness on environmental quality in 70 developing countries by using panel GMM technique over the period of 2002 to 2016. To measure the trade openness and environmental quality, various proxies have been used. The results show that the impact of trade openness has mixed findings with environmental quality variables of CO2 and N2O emissions. Corruption has a positive effect on CO2 and N2O emissions. The study has also suggested some policies to improve the environmental quality.

Author Biographies

Muhammad Ramzan Sheikh, Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan, Pakistan

Associate Professor of Economics, School of Economics

Muhammad Adeel Abbas, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Vehari Campus

Visiting Lecturer in Economics

Asad Abbas, COMSATS University Islamabad, Vehari Campus

Lecturer in Economics

Muhammad Imran Mushtaq, Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan, Pakistan.

PhD Scholar, Department of Statistics

Published
2018-12-31
How to Cite
Sheikh, M. R., Abbas, M. A., Abbas, A., & Mushtaq, M. I. (2018). Corruption, Trade Openness and Environmental Quality: Evidence from Developing Countries. Pakistan Journal of Economic Studies, 1(2), 165-182. Retrieved from https://journals.iub.edu.pk/index.php/pjes/article/view/320