Trade Openness, innovation, and Economic Growth: A causal Effect Analysis of OECD Countries

  • Muhammad Nadir Shabbir Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing, China
  • Wang Liyong Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing, China.
  • Kainat Iftikhar Quaid e Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Keywords: Developed Nations, OECD, Public policy, trade openness, innovation, Economic growth, Geographical proximity, Panel VAR, westerlund causality

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between a country's economic growth and its trade openness, innovation, and technological advancement. We discover evidence that public policies that promote increased trade openness have a significant impact on a country's level of innovation. The positive correlation between openness to trade and innovation is significantly stronger in developing countries.

We dissect the causal relationship between economic growth and trade precisely by applying new advances in the econometric method for heterogeneous panel data to 127 OECD countries divided into developed and emerging economies. We examine Granger causality using a test for heterogeneous board knowledge. The findings contradict the hypothesis that trade openness and economic growth have a general, unidirectional, and even homogeneous relationship in developing countries and the OECD, but not in developed countries.

Author Biographies

Wang Liyong, Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing, China.

School of international trade and Economics

Kainat Iftikhar, Quaid e Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan.

School of Economics

Published
2021-06-30
How to Cite
ShabbirM. N., LiyongW., & IftikharK. (2021). Trade Openness, innovation, and Economic Growth: A causal Effect Analysis of OECD Countries. Pakistan Journal of Economic Studies (PJES), 4(1), 63-98. Retrieved from https://journals.iub.edu.pk/index.php/pjes/article/view/465